Understanding the effects of forest management strategies is. Village forest management as a way to protect biodiversity in tanzania authors. The project is implemented with financial contributions from the european unions environment budget line and with additional funding from the embassies of the netherlands and norway in ethiopia. Fao has over the years spearheaded the concept of communitybased forestry 1 as key element in achieving social, economic and environmental objectives to sustainable forest management. Some communitybased initiatives in the area by care, including participatory forest management and tourism. Status inventory we undertook an assessment of the spread and current extent of participatory forest management across mainland tanzania. Participatory forest management in tanzania farming first. In tanzania, fmp is adopted and in 1998 tanzania forest policy was introduced, tanzania fand 2002 orest law was to use pfmin managing her forest resources urt, 1998. A report produced under the enhancing livelihoods through pfm in northern tanzania project implemented in longido district, tanzania by the african wildlife foundation awf with financial support from the european union. Land use planning manual for coastal tourism development in tanzania. Sep 10, 2012 since the late 1990s, the government of tanzania pursued forest reform policies promoting community participation in forest management as a way to prevent natural forests degradation from human activity, as well as enhancing the benefits of participatory forest management pfm to thousands of villages living within the margins of forests and natural woodlands. Communities at the heart of forest management pubs.
Despite the adoption of pfm in tanzania, like other developing countries, deforestation and conflicts on forest resources management are still persisting in many forest reserves. Communitybased forest management in tanzania an overview of the process by liz alden wily 1 with the cbfm lead team2 october 1999 1 background this paper provides an overview of the process being adopted and advocated towards establishing community management of forests in tanzania. Making participatory forest management work in kenya policy brief guide to participatory tools for forest communities. Participatory forest management pfm was introduced into law with the passing of the forest act of 2002, which provides a clear legal basis for communities, groups or individuals across mainland tanzania to own, manage or co manage forests under a wide range of conditions. Pdf participatory forest management in west usambara.
Abstract following the 1998 national forest policy and the forest act of 2002, participatory forest management is being introduced in tanzania. Participatory forest management and its impacts on. Special attention is paid to village governments in recognition of the fact that most of our people live in rural areas. Forest management and democracy in east and southern africa. As one of the solutions, participatory forest management pfm scheme was introduced during the early 1990s by some ngos. An analysis of the ecological and financial sustainability of. Identify and describe drivers of deforestation and forest. Does participatory forest management program lead to efficient forest resource use and improved rural livelihoods. The forest resources need sustainable management for the benefit of the present and future generations.
Nearly two decades of experience now exists in the country. Submitted material must be of interest to a wide audience and may combine an. Your use of this pdf, the bioone complete website, and all posted and associated content indicates your. Bruno rajaspera, peter schachenmann and tom erdmann in madagascar. Deforestation in tanzania threatens the future of forests. Participatory forest management is the local involvement of stakeholders in management of a forest, which may be dry woodlands, tropical forests, mangrove, or plantations, for the mutual bene t of. The forest resources in ethiopia have suffered decades of mismanagement due mainly to loosely defined property relations over these resources. Participatory forest management pfm, biodiversity and livelihoods in africa proceedings of the international conference 1921 march 2007 addis ababa, ethiopia the government of ethiopia in collaboration with other stakeholders participatory forest management pfm, biodiversity and livelihoods in africa. In essence, the participatory approach is the devolution strategy.
Participatory forest management in tanzania tanzania online. Pdf where and how can participatory forest management. Pdf does participatory forest management program lead to. Participatory forest management pfm is a strategy to achieve sustainable forest management by encouraging the management or comanagement of forest and woodland resources by the communities living closest to the resources themselves. Areas created to improve sustainable management of tanzanias forests. Participatory management is generally thought to be more. The main approach to forest management throughout the 20th century was. Participatory mangrove forest management in the carey island, malaysia. Tanzania s land, local government and forest laws empower rural communities with welldefined rights to own, manage and benefit from forest and woodland resources within their local areas through the establishment of village forests.
In t anzania, community participation is based on the participatory forest management pfm. Farmafrica sos sahel ethiopia oromiya bureau of agriculture and rural development southern nations and nationalities peoples region bureau of agriculture and rural development best practices series no. Participatory forest management pfm is a central pillar of tanzania s forest law and policy and has been implemented across tanzania since it was fi rst piloted in babati district in the early 1990s. Experiences from mualivulezi forest reserve, malawi. Participatory forest management in tanzania facts and figures. Sustainable forest use and supply of wood products to local people are major aims of pfm. Participatory forest management in tanzania pfm is a strategy to achieve sustainable forest management by promoting the management or comanagement of forest and woodland resources by the communities living closest to the resources. Coastal forests of kenya and tanzania tanzania regions. The act exempts communities with an approved forest management plan. It is characterised by the forestlocal communities sharing power.
Food and agriculture organization of the united nations fra2010222 rome, 2010. A case study of mufindi district, tanzania manyisye k. Tanzania was the first african country to formulate a management plan for conservation and development of mangroves, based on a full survey of mangrove resources and the socioeconomic and institutional factors determining patterns of use. The guidelines for participatory village land use management have come at a time when the government is carrying out major reforms aimed at strengthening local government authorities. Specifically the study focused at community involvement in natural forest management, the practice of participatory planning in the lower local governments, and the factors that influence community participation in natural forest. The survey involved 159 households, randomly sampled from four villages bordering. Participatory forest management and redd in tanzania. Over the past 20 years, participatory forest management pfm has become a. We also show that communitybased forest management cbfm and joint forest management jfm, the two dominant forms of participatory forest management in tanzania, have generally improved the condition of forest resources in the selected case studies. United republic of tanzania ministry of natural resources. In all three cases, adoption is by villages, either alone cbfm or in conjunction with government agencies andor tourism companies. Participatory forest management in tanzania, facts and. Heini vihemaki world agroforestry centre, nairobi, kenya and charles leonard tanzania forest conservation group, tanzania the experiences from around tanzania suggest that community based forest management.
The findings are that local communities security of rights and access to benefits. Participatory mangrove forest management in the carey island. Making forest conservation benefit local communities. Forest management in tanzania martin erro with topbar beehives provided by farm africa to make honey. Food and agriculture organization of the united nations. Participatory forest management pfm is a central pillar of tanzanias forest law and policy and has been implemented across tanzania since it was first piloted in babati district in the early 1990s. Different arrangements of decentralized forest management have been promoted as alternatives to centralized and top down approaches to halt tropical deforestation and forest degradation. Since the launch of the first version, a lot has happened in the sector. Sangeda2, said iddi3 abstract this paper is based on an analysis of the role of communication, education and public. Village forest management as a way to protect biodiversity in. Ethiopia is one of the countries piloting one of these approaches.
Communitybased forest management in tanzania an overview of. Tanzania journal of forestry and nature conservation. To inform future programs and projects it is essential to learn from existing pilots and experiences. Thousands of people living in tanzania s nou forest. Nepsus working paper 20181 partnerships and governance in. Where and how can participatory forest management succeed. Does participatory forest management promote sustainable forest. This study relates to an analysis of the deforestation drivers and stakeholders in the two districts, as set out under activity 2. The role of the community in the management of forests in. However, the creation of this board is still centralized and is under the direct control of the central government.
Combining communitybased forest management and forest. Guidelines for participatory village land use management. Sangeda2, said iddi3 abstract this paper is based on an analysis of. The tanzania forest conservation group has participated in various research initiatives to assess the effectiveness of this policy and to gather lessons learnt. District staff especially from the district forestry office and other members of. This support includes decades of strengthening capacities in countries for ensuring participation of key stakeholders in sustainable forest management. Participatory forest management guidelines rights to ensure good and rights to embassy. Indeed, the expansion of nipfs also carries risks in terms of environmental degradation from monoculture and the exclusion of vulnerable groups.
Comparative analysis of the similarities and differences. Pdf rethinking participatory forest management in tanzania. These participatory forest resource assessment pfra guidelines have been prepared for people working with forest adjacent communities in tanzania on community based forest management cbfm and joint forest management jfm. Abstractthe use of village participatory land use plan vplup model as. The forest policy supported both participatory forest management initiatives, while the wildlife management policy supported the wma. In tanzania, participatory forest management pfm was introduced in order to address the challenge of deforestation which continues at alarming rate. As per the arusha declaration of 1967 which aimed at building a socialist state in tanzania, forests were nationalised. Analysis of the drivers of deforestation and stakeholders. Your use of this pdf, the bioone web site, and all posted and associated content indicates. For a long time forests in tanzania have been managed without full participation of the local communities and other relevant stakeholders living around the forest resources. Tanzania forest conservation group the tanzania forest conservation group tfcg is a tanzanian nongovernmental organization that has been promoting the conservation of tanzanias forests since 1985. This study on community participation in natural resources management was carried out in manyoni district. Massao, g 2015 combining communitybased forest management and forest certification in.
These depend on the issues tackled by the participatory process, the. The issue of centralized system of management is perhaps a colonial relic. Forest management and conservation before and after the. Participatory forest management in tanzania since the late 1990s, the government of tanzania pursued forest reform policies promoting community participation in forest management as a way to prevent natural forests degradation from human activity, as well as enhancing the benefits of participatory forest management pfm to thousands of. Pdf going to scale with participatory forest management. Developing participatory forest management and wildlife management areas in tanzania. United republic of tanzania ministry of natural resources and tourism rened conference ecosystem services and biodiversity in developing countries participatory forest management for sustainable community development. Special attention is paid to village governments in recognition of the fact that most of. Part of tanzania iba 76 and part of the pemba endemic bird area eba 110. Use of participatory forest management as a strategy for. Participatory forest management has been shown to reaffirm domination by forest bureaucrats and other experts to the detriment of the local autonomy and decisionmaking that was a normative goal.
The approach is known as communitybased forest management. Over the past 20 years, participatory forest management pfm has become a dominant forest management strategy in tanzania, cov ering more than 4. Participatory forest management in tanzania participatory forest management pfm is a strategy to achieve sustainable forest management by encouraging the management or co management of forest and woodland resources by the communities living closest to the resources. Equally, pfm aimed to involve communities adjacent to forests in management of forest resources while at the same time accrue economic benefits. Pdf determinant of the effectiveness of participatory forest. This article deals with participatory forest management pfm in tanzania, mozambique, and laos, focusing on the degree to which the legislation supports local communities security of rights to the forest resources and access to resource benefits.
This study aimed to explore communities participation in the participatory forest program in tanzania. Pdf the paper provides an overview of experiences in tanzania to date in scaling up participatory forest management pfm from what has until recently. Community perceptions towards participatory forest. Pdf following the 1998 national forest policy and the forest act of 2002, participatory forest management is being introduced in tanzania. Benefits, implementation challenges and future directions nelson turyahabwe, jacob godfrey agea, mnason tweheyo and susan balaba tumwebaze college of agricultural and environmental sciences, makerere uni versity, kampala uganda 1.
Without the introduction of specific safeguards and mitigation strategies, there is a high risk that the benefits of local forest management will be captured by more affluent, literate and socially mobile members of the community, at the expense of poorer and more marginalized households. Participatory forest management in west usambara tanzania. The tropical moist deciduous and tropical dry forests cover respectively 24. Does participatory forest management promote sustainable forest utilisation in tanzania. Each forest was then zoned according to its land use potential, namely a crop use zone, grazing zone and a core protected area excluded from use. Participatory forest management participatory forest management pfm was introduced into law with the passing of the forest act of 2002, which provides a clear legal basis for communities, groups or individuals across mainland tanzania to own, manage or comanage forests under a wide range of conditions. Participatory forest management pfm and the more recent framework for. Participatory forest management in tanzania pdf download. The key steps in establishing participatory forest management. Towards community participation in forest management abstract this paper is about the emerging theme of joint forest management between communities and the government in tanzania.
United republic of tanzania ministry of natural resources and. Managed by the department of commercial crops, fruits and forests. This situation is complicated by the fact that many communities have participatory forest management agreements, where they are given exclusive rights to certain resources within a neighboring forest, oftentimes including dead wood, in exchange for helping in management and. Participatory forest management in 1998, tanzania adopted a forest policy supportive of participatory forest management.
Pfm can contribute to improving rural livelihoods whilst protecting the environment and promoting genderequality. Participatory forest management pfm was introduced into law with the passing of the forest act of 2002, which provides a clear legal basis for communities, groups or individuals across mainland tanzania to own, manage or comanage forests under a wide range of conditions. Countries such as tanzania, indonesia, india, and nepal have internalised the participatory approaches in which the communities participate in the forest resources management 2,3,4,5. Exploring forest governance in tanzania springerlink. Despite the increase in forest areas and villages under the participatory program over the last two decades in tanzania, there is little insight into the communities views regarding their participation. Participatory forest management pfm initiatives have emerged worldwide for a range of aims including improved forest governance, better resource conservation and to increase rural peoples access to and benefits from forest. Participatory forest management, access to information, kazimzumbwi forest reserve, pugu forest reserve, tanzania abstract this study investigated the strategies for improving access to and use of information for forest management with particular reference to kazimzumbwi and pugu forest reserves in coast region located in the pugu. This article deals with participatory forest management pfm in tanzania, mozambique, and laos, focusing on the degree to which the legislation supports local communities security of rights to the forest resources and access to resource benefits, as well as the degree to which the legislation is implemented. It is during this period that the new constitution of. Thus, it is argued that vplup can be used as a forest management. The key steps in establishing participatory forest management a field manual to guide practitioners in ethiopia compiled by. Participatory programs have been central to the management of natural resources in many resourcerich countries in the past three decades. United republic of tanzania ministry of natural resources and tourism forestry and beekeeping division participatory forest management in tanzania.1383 122 450 330 600 1249 737 759 1049 1015 982 1332 828 595 1110 1326 1649 653 919 205 585 1375 1002 991 466 709 1522 153 1145 1547 150 462 659 1034 1067 1406 454 1031 1149 232 1324 389