Participatory forest management in tanzania since the late 1990s, the government of tanzania pursued forest reform policies promoting community participation in forest management as a way to prevent natural forests degradation from human activity, as well as enhancing the benefits of participatory forest management pfm to thousands of. Exploring forest governance in tanzania springerlink. Where and how can participatory forest management succeed. Tanzania s land, local government and forest laws empower rural communities with welldefined rights to own, manage and benefit from forest and woodland resources within their local areas through the establishment of village forests. Participatory mangrove forest management in the carey island, malaysia.
The guidelines for participatory village land use management have come at a time when the government is carrying out major reforms aimed at strengthening local government authorities. Participatory programs have been central to the management of natural resources in many resourcerich countries in the past three decades. An analysis of the ecological and financial sustainability of. The forest resources need sustainable management for the benefit of the present and future generations. Over the past 20 years, participatory forest management pfm has become a. Participatory management is generally thought to be more.
Fao has over the years spearheaded the concept of communitybased forestry 1 as key element in achieving social, economic and environmental objectives to sustainable forest management. The key steps in establishing participatory forest management. Status inventory we undertook an assessment of the spread and current extent of participatory forest management across mainland tanzania. The act exempts communities with an approved forest management plan. Since the launch of the first version, a lot has happened in the sector. Participatory forest management is the local involvement of stakeholders in management of a forest, which may be dry woodlands, tropical forests, mangrove, or plantations, for the mutual bene t of. Pdf determinant of the effectiveness of participatory forest. Analysis of the drivers of deforestation and stakeholders.
Participatory forest management pfm was introduced into law with the passing of the forest act of 2002, which provides a clear legal basis for communities, groups or individuals across mainland tanzania to own, manage or co manage forests under a wide range of conditions. Your use of this pdf, the bioone web site, and all posted and associated content indicates. This article deals with participatory forest management pfm in tanzania, mozambique, and laos, focusing on the degree to which the legislation supports local communities security of rights to the forest resources and access to resource benefits. Each forest was then zoned according to its land use potential, namely a crop use zone, grazing zone and a core protected area excluded from use. Indeed, the expansion of nipfs also carries risks in terms of environmental degradation from monoculture and the exclusion of vulnerable groups. Sep 10, 2012 since the late 1990s, the government of tanzania pursued forest reform policies promoting community participation in forest management as a way to prevent natural forests degradation from human activity, as well as enhancing the benefits of participatory forest management pfm to thousands of villages living within the margins of forests and natural woodlands. The forest policy supported both participatory forest management initiatives, while the wildlife management policy supported the wma. This study relates to an analysis of the deforestation drivers and stakeholders in the two districts, as set out under activity 2. In t anzania, community participation is based on the participatory forest management pfm. Pdf rethinking participatory forest management in tanzania. In essence, the participatory approach is the devolution strategy. Participatory forest management in tanzania participatory forest management pfm is a strategy to achieve sustainable forest management by encouraging the management or co management of forest and woodland resources by the communities living closest to the resources. In tanzania, fmp is adopted and in 1998 tanzania forest policy was introduced, tanzania fand 2002 orest law was to use pfmin managing her forest resources urt, 1998. The survey involved 159 households, randomly sampled from four villages bordering.
Forest management and democracy in east and southern africa. It is during this period that the new constitution of. United republic of tanzania ministry of natural resources and. District staff especially from the district forestry office and other members of. Special attention is paid to village governments in recognition of the fact that most of our people live in rural areas.
Bruno rajaspera, peter schachenmann and tom erdmann in madagascar. The role of the community in the management of forests in. Participatory forest management participatory forest management pfm was introduced into law with the passing of the forest act of 2002, which provides a clear legal basis for communities, groups or individuals across mainland tanzania to own, manage or comanage forests under a wide range of conditions. Specifically the study focused at community involvement in natural forest management, the practice of participatory planning in the lower local governments, and the factors that influence community participation in natural forest.
Participatory forest management in tanzania facts and figures. The project is implemented with financial contributions from the european unions environment budget line and with additional funding from the embassies of the netherlands and norway in ethiopia. Massao, g 2015 combining communitybased forest management and forest certification in. Pdf the paper provides an overview of experiences in tanzania to date in scaling up participatory forest management pfm from what has until recently.
Deforestation in tanzania threatens the future of forests. Participatory forest management in tanzania pdf download. Part of tanzania iba 76 and part of the pemba endemic bird area eba 110. The key steps in establishing participatory forest management a field manual to guide practitioners in ethiopia compiled by. The issue of centralized system of management is perhaps a colonial relic. Village forest management as a way to protect biodiversity in. Comparative analysis of the similarities and differences. As one of the solutions, participatory forest management pfm scheme was introduced during the early 1990s by some ngos.
Pdf participatory forest management in west usambara. Does participatory forest management program lead to efficient forest resource use and improved rural livelihoods. Heini vihemaki world agroforestry centre, nairobi, kenya and charles leonard tanzania forest conservation group, tanzania the experiences from around tanzania suggest that community based forest management. Over the past 20 years, participatory forest management pfm has become a dominant forest management strategy in tanzania, cov ering more than 4. Guidelines for participatory village land use management. Land use planning manual for coastal tourism development in tanzania. United republic of tanzania ministry of natural resources. Areas created to improve sustainable management of tanzanias forests. This article deals with participatory forest management pfm in tanzania, mozambique, and laos, focusing on the degree to which the legislation supports local communities security of rights to the forest resources and access to resource benefits, as well as the degree to which the legislation is implemented.
Nepsus working paper 20181 partnerships and governance in. Making participatory forest management work in kenya policy brief guide to participatory tools for forest communities. Participatory forest management in 1998, tanzania adopted a forest policy supportive of participatory forest management. Participatory forest management in west usambara tanzania. Community perceptions towards participatory forest. The approach is known as communitybased forest management. However, the creation of this board is still centralized and is under the direct control of the central government.
Some communitybased initiatives in the area by care, including participatory forest management and tourism. Participatory forest management pfm, biodiversity and livelihoods in africa proceedings of the international conference 1921 march 2007 addis ababa, ethiopia the government of ethiopia in collaboration with other stakeholders participatory forest management pfm, biodiversity and livelihoods in africa. Does participatory forest management promote sustainable forest utilisation in tanzania. This situation is complicated by the fact that many communities have participatory forest management agreements, where they are given exclusive rights to certain resources within a neighboring forest, oftentimes including dead wood, in exchange for helping in management and. Participatory mangrove forest management in the carey island. Food and agriculture organization of the united nations fra2010222 rome, 2010. Participatory forest management in tanzania farming first. Food and agriculture organization of the united nations. Participatory forest management has been shown to reaffirm domination by forest bureaucrats and other experts to the detriment of the local autonomy and decisionmaking that was a normative goal. Participatory forest management in tanzania pfm is a strategy to achieve sustainable forest management by promoting the management or comanagement of forest and woodland resources by the communities living closest to the resources. Pdf following the 1998 national forest policy and the forest act of 2002, participatory forest management is being introduced in tanzania. Pdf going to scale with participatory forest management. The forest resources in ethiopia have suffered decades of mismanagement due mainly to loosely defined property relations over these resources. Sangeda2, said iddi3 abstract this paper is based on an analysis of.
Communities at the heart of forest management pubs. Your use of this pdf, the bioone complete website, and all posted and associated content indicates your. Sangeda2, said iddi3 abstract this paper is based on an analysis of the role of communication, education and public. Managed by the department of commercial crops, fruits and forests. A case study of mufindi district, tanzania manyisye k. Nearly two decades of experience now exists in the country. It is characterised by the forestlocal communities sharing power. Benefits, implementation challenges and future directions nelson turyahabwe, jacob godfrey agea, mnason tweheyo and susan balaba tumwebaze college of agricultural and environmental sciences, makerere uni versity, kampala uganda 1. Participatory forest management pfm initiatives have emerged worldwide for a range of aims including improved forest governance, better resource conservation and to increase rural peoples access to and benefits from forest. The main approach to forest management throughout the 20th century was. Equally, pfm aimed to involve communities adjacent to forests in management of forest resources while at the same time accrue economic benefits. United republic of tanzania ministry of natural resources and tourism forestry and beekeeping division participatory forest management in tanzania. For a long time forests in tanzania have been managed without full participation of the local communities and other relevant stakeholders living around the forest resources. To inform future programs and projects it is essential to learn from existing pilots and experiences.
Participatory forest management in tanzania, facts and. Pdf does participatory forest management program lead to. Abstractthe use of village participatory land use plan vplup model as. Tanzania journal of forestry and nature conservation. Farmafrica sos sahel ethiopia oromiya bureau of agriculture and rural development southern nations and nationalities peoples region bureau of agriculture and rural development best practices series no. Understanding the effects of forest management strategies is. Despite the adoption of pfm in tanzania, like other developing countries, deforestation and conflicts on forest resources management are still persisting in many forest reserves. Thus, it is argued that vplup can be used as a forest management.
This study on community participation in natural resources management was carried out in manyoni district. Coastal forests of kenya and tanzania tanzania regions. We also show that communitybased forest management cbfm and joint forest management jfm, the two dominant forms of participatory forest management in tanzania, have generally improved the condition of forest resources in the selected case studies. Participatory forest management pfm was introduced into law with the passing of the forest act of 2002, which provides a clear legal basis for communities, groups or individuals across mainland tanzania to own, manage or comanage forests under a wide range of conditions. Pdf where and how can participatory forest management. Communitybased forest management in tanzania an overview of. Participatory forest management in tanzania tanzania online. Participatory forest management pfm and the more recent framework for. Tanzania forest conservation group the tanzania forest conservation group tfcg is a tanzanian nongovernmental organization that has been promoting the conservation of tanzanias forests since 1985. Participatory forest management and redd in tanzania. The tanzania forest conservation group has participated in various research initiatives to assess the effectiveness of this policy and to gather lessons learnt. Pfm can contribute to improving rural livelihoods whilst protecting the environment and promoting genderequality. Use of participatory forest management as a strategy for. Village forest management as a way to protect biodiversity in tanzania authors.
Participatory forest management, access to information, kazimzumbwi forest reserve, pugu forest reserve, tanzania abstract this study investigated the strategies for improving access to and use of information for forest management with particular reference to kazimzumbwi and pugu forest reserves in coast region located in the pugu. Participatory forest management pfm is a central pillar of tanzania s forest law and policy and has been implemented across tanzania since it was fi rst piloted in babati district in the early 1990s. Thousands of people living in tanzania s nou forest. Forest management and conservation before and after the. The tropical moist deciduous and tropical dry forests cover respectively 24. Combining communitybased forest management and forest. The findings are that local communities security of rights and access to benefits. Towards community participation in forest management abstract this paper is about the emerging theme of joint forest management between communities and the government in tanzania. Developing participatory forest management and wildlife management areas in tanzania.
Despite the increase in forest areas and villages under the participatory program over the last two decades in tanzania, there is little insight into the communities views regarding their participation. Special attention is paid to village governments in recognition of the fact that most of. Forest management in tanzania martin erro with topbar beehives provided by farm africa to make honey. Determinant of the effectiveness of participatory forest. Participatory forest management and its impacts on. These depend on the issues tackled by the participatory process, the. Identify and describe drivers of deforestation and forest. As per the arusha declaration of 1967 which aimed at building a socialist state in tanzania, forests were nationalised. In tanzania, participatory forest management pfm was introduced in order to address the challenge of deforestation which continues at alarming rate. Different arrangements of decentralized forest management have been promoted as alternatives to centralized and top down approaches to halt tropical deforestation and forest degradation. Experiences from mualivulezi forest reserve, malawi.
Participatory forest management guidelines rights to ensure good and rights to embassy. Tanzania was the first african country to formulate a management plan for conservation and development of mangroves, based on a full survey of mangrove resources and the socioeconomic and institutional factors determining patterns of use. A report produced under the enhancing livelihoods through pfm in northern tanzania project implemented in longido district, tanzania by the african wildlife foundation awf with financial support from the european union. Submitted material must be of interest to a wide audience and may combine an.
Without the introduction of specific safeguards and mitigation strategies, there is a high risk that the benefits of local forest management will be captured by more affluent, literate and socially mobile members of the community, at the expense of poorer and more marginalized households. Ethiopia is one of the countries piloting one of these approaches. United republic of tanzania ministry of natural resources and tourism rened conference ecosystem services and biodiversity in developing countries participatory forest management for sustainable community development. Communitybased forest management in tanzania an overview of the process by liz alden wily 1 with the cbfm lead team2 october 1999 1 background this paper provides an overview of the process being adopted and advocated towards establishing community management of forests in tanzania. These participatory forest resource assessment pfra guidelines have been prepared for people working with forest adjacent communities in tanzania on community based forest management cbfm and joint forest management jfm.53 546 845 208 416 1402 6 630 879 306 991 516 1327 451 1237 1002 1383 275 456 1271 326 1523 668 886 479 1590 628 1253 1382 1397 112 612 1541 1266 1463 1571 1527 1659 619 568 1468 658 542 169 816 480 819 1210 889