Some products may not mix well with other drugs or natural products. Rhamnus purshiana cascara, cascara buckthorn, cascara sagrada, bearberry, and in the chinook jargon, chittem stick and chitticum stick. Cascara our native of the buckthorn family, rhamnus purshiana, is a real sleeper among our native trees frequently overlooked and underappreciated. The dark green leaves have an interesting waffle texture. Harmful and protective effects of phenolic compounds from african medicinal plants. Jun 24, 2010 cascara sagrada spanish for sacred bark is the bark of the california buckthorn, botanically known as rhamnus purshiana. This product is not considered to be safe for use by the us food and drug administration fda. It is blotchy gray or brown sometimes tinged with red. Some 150 species of deciduous, sometimes evergreen, trees and shrubs, often with thorny twigs. Its species range from 1 to 10 meters 330 tall rarely to 15 metres, 50 and are native mainly in east asia and north america, but found throughout the temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere, and also more locally in the subtropical. Cascara sagrada rhamnus purshiana wild rose college of. Pdf on jan 1, 20, esteban chirino and others published rhamnus spp rhamnus alaternus l.
Plant propagation protocol for frangula purshiana esrm 412. The bark and berries of rhamnus cathartica are cathartic. The genus rhamnus contains over 100 species native to. No stock or cant ship more info about our plant sizes. The leaves are typically deciduous, although in warmer climates the plant can hold.
Yet it is a widelyadaptable small tree that is a favorite for birds and suitable for the smaller urban garden. Always check with your doctor before you use a natural product. The circumference of average cascara sagrada trunks is one and a half feet in diameter. The herbal monograph selects and summarises scientific studies and textbooks regarding efficacy, dosage and safety to support. Please email us to confirm atnursery availability of plants that are too big to ship. Plants profile for frangula purshiana cascara buckthorn.
The histology of the stem bark of rhamnus purshiana variety anonaefolia. The herbal monograph selects and summarises scientific studies and textbooks regarding efficacy, dosage and safety to support the therapeutic. Please call for visits june to october or when planning a visit for saturday. Cascara the buckthorn familyrhamnaceae frangula purshiana d. Ecology and ecosystem impacts of common buckthorn rhamnus. Another herbal supplement of possible concern to the renal patient is noni juice. This 15 to 25 foothigh tree grows in the western united states, from idaho west to california and north to alaska. Rhamnus alaternusmediterranean buckthorn europe rhamnus alpinusalpine buckthorn europe.
This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 3. May grow as a small tree to 50 tall and 2 in diameter, or an erect shrub multiple trunks to 15 tall. Jul 12, 2017 pacific northwest native plant profile. Cascara buckthorn rhamnus purshiana other common names. Rhamnus purshiana landscape plants oregon state university. Works by this author published before january 1, 1925 are in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. Other articles where rhamnus purshiana is discussed. A good wildlife plant, the berries decorative yellow or red before turning black are eaten by grosbeaks, woodpeckers, jays, robins and tanagers. Deciduous tree to 50 ft 15 m tall, or an erect shrub 15 ft 4. Download availability list 21 kb download availability list.
A pretty treeshrub to 1530 which is native to the western united states. Physiological studies have uncovered traits including shade tolerance, rapid growth, high photosynthetic rates, a wide tolerance of moisture and drought, and an unusual phenology that may give r. The activity apparently results from the combined action of several substances, a. The leaves are alternateley spaced, but are so close together they may appear to be opposite. Frederick traugott pursh wikisource, the free online library. Rhamnus purshiana frangula the naturopathic herbalist. Fine line buckthorn rhamnus live shrub, green foliage partial to full sun, zones. Rhamnaceae of north america update, database version 2011 acquired. Cascara sagrada, chittembark, chittam wood, sacred bark, bearberrytree, bearwood. Rhamnus purshiana cascara sagrada pfaf plant database.
All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Rhamnus is a genus of about 110 accepted species of shrubs or small trees, commonly known as buckthorns, in the family rhamnaceae. Bark, collected in the spring and early summer when it is easily peeled from the wood. Comparative studies on the bark of rhamnus frangula and rhamnus purshiana. The histology of the stem bark of rhamnus purshiana variety. The leaves are simple, oval shaped, with small teeth along the margin.
Shiny green leaves clustered near the ends of twigs are oval with veins indenting the leaf to make the surface wavy. The high quality, evidencebased information on each plant profiler page is gathered by natural standard, the authority on integrative medicine. Its species range from 1 to 10 meters 330 tall rarely to 15 metres, 50 and are native mainly in east asia and north america, but found throughout the temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere, and also more locally in the subtropical southern hemisphere. Juice made from the noni fruit morinda citrifolia could contribute to the development of hyperkalemia due to its high. Frangula purshiana, rhamnus purshianus is a species of plant in the family rhamnaceae. Rhamni purshianae cortex cascara rhamnus purshianus dc. Cascara sagrada rhamnus purshiana fruits the herbal tree called the cascara sagrada is a large deciduous tree, which can reach a height of twenty to thirty feet when fully mature. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Rhamnus purshiana is the source of cascara sagrada. In the cascara district several other species of rhamnus occur which are not commercially important, but their resemblance to r. Frangula is considered by some to be a subgenus of the buckthorn genus, rhamnus.
Cascara sagrada spanish for sacred bark is the bark of the california buckthorn, botanically known as rhamnus purshiana. It is in leaf all year, in flower from may to june, and the seeds ripen in october. The histology of the stem bark of rhamnus purshiana. The species is hermaphrodite has both male and female organs and is pollinated by insects. Rhamnus purshiana metadata this file contains additional information such as exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. Posthumous works may be ed based on how long they have been published in certain countries and areas. Dried bark helps you go to the bathroom by stimulating natural rhythmic contractions of bowel peristalsis tones and exercises the bowel muscle. Silvery gray bark thats nearly smooth, and oval glossy green leaves with veins so prominent that they make the surface wavy and crinkled. Many nonnative species have been naturalized in the us. Rhamnus definition of rhamnus by medical dictionary. Comparative studies on the bark of rhamnus frangula and. Translations or editions published later may be ed. Rhamnus purshiana cascara, buckthorn cascara, chittam tree. Deciduous or semideciduous depending upon your locale.
Cascara sagrada rhamnus purshiana plant profiler sigma. Leaves alternate, opposite or spirally arranged, parallel veins, serrate or entire margins. Find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Rhamnus purshiana an overview sciencedirect topics. The bark is stored for at least one year up to 3 in order to allow for the consitituents that would otherwise cause griping to decompose. Most herbalists recommend the bark, aged at least one year or alternatively heated in a food dehydrator at 8090 degrees celsius for at least 24 hours, and then powdered traditionally, the aged.
Rhamnus purshiana cascara sagrada cascara can be considered a large shrub, especially in its multistemmed form, or as a small tree. Fine line buckthorn rhamnus live shrub, green foliage. Cascara sagrada or cascara buckthorn plant category. It is native to western north america from southern british columbia south to central california, and eastward to.
Rhamnus purshiana, cascara buckthorn dancing oaks nursery. Prominently veined, darkgreen leathery leaves which turn rich yellow in fall, peeling bark and redturningblack fruits all add to the beauty. Pdf online viewing for only 30 per year, you can view online all the monographs summary. Pdf rhamnus spp rhamnus alaternus l rhamnus lycioides l. This native tree occurs on the sides and bottoms of canyons from the rocky mountains to the pacific ocean, extending north into british america. Cascara, cascara sagrada, chittem bark, sacred bark, california buckthorn part used. In other words, it helps push stuff through you and gets it moving, while strengthening colon muscles. Download availability list 1 mb fourth corner nurseries. It is native to western north america from southern british columbia south to central california, and eastward to northwestern montana. Rhamnus purshiana is an evergreen tree growing to 10 m 32ft by 6 m 19ft.
Click on the usda logo to view this plants profile with all synonyms, distribution map and other information. Jun 21, 2016 rhamni purshianae cortex cascara rhamnus purshianus dc. Download to endnoterefman ris metadata show full item record. North america 5, the rest from the north temperate regions, south america and south africa. Updated use levels and food categories collected as part of the fdas slr project are available from the fema office for this flavor ingredient upon request. The plants database includes the following 3 subspecies of frangula purshiana. The plant profiler provides detailed information and bioactive compounds for numerous different plant species. Cascara sagrada is prepared in both liquid and solid forms. Download availability list 21 kb download availability list 140 kb beaverlake nursery. Pdf rhamnus spp rhamnus alaternus l rhamnus lycioides. The bark is collected from wild trees, which are 618 m high, growing on the pacific coast of. Official cascara sagrada sacred bark, chittern bark is the dried bark of rhamnus purshianus dc frangula purshiana dc a. The activity apparently results from the combined action of several substances, a number of which have. Cascara can be considered a large shrub, especially in its multistemmed form, or as a small tree.448 175 137 1249 990 839 1065 716 613 504 1413 1113 603 1023 1544 355 823 282 528 1553 899 368 1452 1308 416 433 1513 496 737 1669 690 370 189 1335 741 1293 280 1335 1001 290 333